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W

WOOL

 

ANCIENT, PRECIOUS, NATURAL

Wool is a natural fibre with ancient origins. Legend tells that the first wool fabrics were woven in Mesopotamia and the East, where people first began to raise sheep. The term wool refers to the fibre from the fleece of a sheep, but also to any fibres from other animals. Sheep's wool is produced in Australia, New Zealand, South America and South Africa. The provenance determines the quality and specific characteristics of the fibre. Once washed, wool can be of various colours: ivory, white, black or brownThe fibre consists of keratin covered with scales, and it has numerous elastic waves. This structure makes the wool soft, elastic, hygroscopic and heat retentiveCharacteristics taken into account when classifying fibres are fineness, length, cleanness, elasticity, resistance, lustre, colour and lastly felting ability. Wool is primarily used as a textile fibre and is often blended with other fibres, in particular silk, cotton, linen, polyester and acrylic.